The Best Shade Trees for Your Yard

Shade trees can beautify your yard, reduce energy costs, and improve air and water quality. Many of these large trees offer seasonal benefits, such as flowers or a change of leaf color. Choose a shade tree best suited to your climate and site (consider a native species), plant it properly, and watch it grow into a valued member of your landscape.

Ginkgo

Extremely pest-resistant, ginkgo is the oldest tree on earth, unchanged for an estimated 200 million years. Buy only trees labeled as male; females produce messy, stinky fruit.

Botanical name: Ginkgo biloba
Size:
50-80 feet tall, variable width
Zones:
4-9
Why grow it:
Fan-shape leaves turn yellow in fall and drop all at once.

 

Hornbeam

Tough, low-maintenance shade trees that grow nearly anywhere, hornbeams sport textured leaves that turn yellow to red, then persist through winter.

American hornbeam
Botanical name:
Carpinus caroliniana
Size:
20-40 feet tall, 30-40 feet wide
Zones:
3-9
Why grow it:
This shorter shade tree has beautiful ridged bark that’s most noticeable in winter. It is more heat-tolerant than European hornbeam.

 

Maple

Maples are everyone’s favorites for fall color. Try one of these top varieties:

Freeman maple
Botanical name:
Acer x freemanii
Size:
40-60 feet tall, 20-40 feet wide
Zones:
5-8
Why grow it:
This hybrid offers the strength of a red maple and the fast growth rate of a silver maple, while producing brilliant red-orange fall color.

Miyabe maple
Botanical name:
Acer miyabei
Size:
40-45 feet tall, 20-25 feet wide
Zones:
4-8
Why grow it:
Miyabe maple is insect- and disease-resistant with golden fall foliage.

Red maple
Botanical name:
Acer rubrum
Size:
40-60 feet tall, 40 feet wide
Zones:
3-9
Why grow it:
Red maple grows in every region, is deer-resistant, and offers brilliant deep red or yellow fall color.

Sugar maple
Botanical name:
Acer saccharum
Size:
60-75 feet tall, 45 feet wide
Zones:
3-7
Why grow it:
Sugar maple displays gorgeous fall colors of yellow, orange, and red.

 

For even more shade tree ideas, please visit:  http://www.bhg.com/gardening/trees-shrubs-vines/trees/shade-trees/#page=1

 

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